Sitting by a crackling fireplace, a cheerful old man, telling "truthful" and not so, fairy tales and stories ...
It seems that a little more and listeners themselves will decide that to pull themselves out of the swamp by the hair or to turn a huge wolf inside out, it is simple, and to contemplate half of the horse, which drinks water and all can not get drunk - a common phenomenon. Just two words about the plots, and you have already flashed associations and memories in your head. It's amazing, don't you think? Although, on the other hand, why should we be surprised?
The stories told by Baron Munchausen have been familiar to everyone since childhood, but few people know the creator of this immortal composition. Actually, the disputes about authorship do not subside to this day. Literators break thousands of copies, defending each version, alas, so far unsuccessfully. But let's leave them a class that they seem to find fascinating, and back to Raso).
A few biographical facts
Rase was born in 1736 in the family of an official associated with the mining industry. The father of the future writer was known as a keen collector and mineral explorer. Perhaps this fact influenced the fact that Rudolph's childhood passed near the working mines.
Parents tried to give the young man a good education. Rasue studied at the University of Goettingen. At first he was interested in law, and nothing pointed to the fascination in the future philology and literary activity, but you can not escape the fate. Soon after the beginning of the training, Rase's mind was taken over by natural sciences.
After finishing his studies and returning to his hometown, the young man gets a, and then, a secretary in the local library.
In 1764, he tried his hand at the role of publisher. His first project in this field were the works of Leibniz, by chance, dedicated to the prototype of the future fairy tale. Around the same time, Rasepi is accepted to write the work "Hermin and Gunilda", which, at the end, "pulled" on a full-fledged novel.
A few years later, Rase is the caretaker of the antique cabinet. He travels a lot in Westphalia, collects old manuscripts and valuable, antiques for the collection. Poverty pushes the professor to an unseemly act. Under pressure, Rase is selling part of someone else's collection. However, he was not punished for the crime. It is not known exactly how it happened.
They say that the police came to arrest the unlucky fraudster, so fascinated by his stories that allowed him to escape. Is it impossible? Far from it. Just in the spirit of Munchausen.
The Birth of a Tale
The story of the birth of this remarkable work is no less interesting than the plot.
How it all began
In 1781, in a certain "Guide for funny people" there are stories in which the main character is an amazing, almost all-powerful old man. The author wished to keep incognito.
It is these stories that formed the basis of the plot of Munchausen's adventures. It is worth noting that in the work written by Rase, there was integrity. The story has its beginning and end, sounded in a completely new way. English was not the only language in which Rase wrote his work. The whole book was literally imbued with a specific English humor, although it was conceived by the author as a serious edification against lies, dressed in a comic form.
The work was a success. After a while they decided to transfer it to German. Gottfried Burger did it. In translation, the poet changed the text so much that serious literary catalogues, when the author of the work "The Adventures of Baron Munchausen" write both names.
Was there a prototype?
They say he was. And his name was just like the main character in the book - Munchausen. By the way, Korney Chukovsky, originally wrote Munhausen, but later, in the last name there was a letter "g", which is preserved in the editions to this day.
Interestingly, the real Baron Munchausen, being in a venerable age, seemingly ruling out the invention of fiction about himself, with pleasure told about his incredible hunting adventures in Russia. In these moments he was animated, his face transformed, he was happy, and maybe a little mischievous. Listeners watched his transformations mesmerizingly, and were so imbued with his energy that they began to believe unconditionally, in all the most incredible stories told by the Baron.
It is worth noting the talent of the narrator, he was not to occupy. Tales of it gained all the great popularity, some began to appear in the press, of course, anonymously, but people who heard stories from their author live, of course, knew who was really behind their appearance.
The Last Years of the Storyteller
Until the very last day of his life, Rase seemed to be experiencing financial difficulties. At least the fact that the writer tried to lay a mine located in Ireland is said to be correct. I didn't have time.
But let's not end on a sad note. This man remained in the hearts of millions of his fans as a great author of the immortal story of the incredible adventures of the world's most truthful baron, named Munchausen.
It was Rase's that returned to his contemporaries almost forgotten ancient German poetry. The first to consider some details of "Songs of Ossian" that allowed to assume that he was a fake ...
But that's another story.