Technical, human, financial and many other resources collect useful information that is stored in information and reference systems. ISS acts as a modern tool for processing and providing human beings with relevant information about different areas of activity. After setting a certain area, any resident will get the necessary information in a short period of time, this is the main task of the resource. Find a fairly large range of documents, data and structured databases. It will not be superfluous to get acquainted with all the characteristics, tasks and properties of the information and reference system.
The type of information processing will depend on the group in which the system is included, there are two of them. The first option involves complex schemes, these resources independently process data and often consist of automated programs. The second type of information-reference systems does without complex schemes, each of them is able to work on a special request, the search takes place at a high speed, and the data arrives in a convenient format for humans.
The main objectives of the system include:
- Gathering information.
- Providing data.
The user can send a request for an associative search for information and get all the necessary data in the desired format. The archived information and reference industry allows you to accumulate data and store it for a long time. It is possible to share information with sources from outside. Here are some examples of these resources: city help, dispatch services, and data search departments.
Types of systems
The structure is divided into two types:
The first option uses diagrams to collect a set of facts and give them to the public, it can be the names of processes, objects, value of magnitude or something similar. The documentary type is associated with a stricter storage format, which can be acts, regulations, or certificates that the user must provide without complex processing. Some information-reference systems are equipped with semantic data analysis, they can choose a specific paragraph or fact from several pages of the document.
Automation can have a significant impact on the speed of processing, search programs are very popular and new types of resources are being introduced everywhere. Storage and updating of information with the development of computing machines has been very easy, but the basic elements have remained unchanged:
- The technical component of the process.
- Information warehouse.
- Mathematical elements.
The equipment includes various storage media, such as discs, flash drives, magnetic tapes. The delivery equipment has become very convenient for people, teletypes have taken part in the development of the information and reference system. But the connection occurs through computers, telephone or telegraph channels. Special remotes with a built-in keyboard have become very popular among users, and you can use them to bring the necessary data to the screen.
The set of programs for information and reference systems is quite extensive, with its help you can perform different algorithms of actions. Data management and conversion within the resource has been easier. Without "formal languages" this species could not exist, here include:
- The outside world.
Productivity may be influenced by some factors, including proper process structuring, optimal distribution of work modes, and the clarity of commands taken from the user. New software developments also play an important role in the performance of any information and reference system. Modern resources are able to recognize the most important tasks and perform them in the first place, modes are sometimes combined, and information comes over time. Non-standard requests are not terrible, the program independently picks up the most approximate information and presents it to the person.