The phrase "Labour ennobles man" in the Soviet Union had a huge weight and popularity. It was perceived as a guide to action and repeated as a spell. It sounded from everywhere: from TV screens, radio, from the stands of all sorts of meetings and congresses of members, ruling at that time, the Communist Party. The author of the expression is the literary critic Vissarion Belinsky, whose works in the Soviet Union were in high esteem. They were studied from the school bench. Why, Belinsky's views on the social structure of society, were so to the liking of Soviet ideologues?
Belinsky's worldviews on the historical process, and on the structure of the state, were largely intertwined with the ideas of socialism and communism. In the circle of acquaintances, the writer was known as an absolute atheist and adhered to the most daring, advanced philosophical ideas.
Belinsky is considered to be the ancestor of literary criticism. With his easy hand there were new ways of understanding poetic and prosaic works. It was Belinsky who set the direction of literary creativity as an instrument of ideological influence on the worldview and thinking of the masses. Belinsky's idea that work transforms and ennobles people was so liked by political technologists of the Soviet Union period that it was laid in the foundation of the ideology of the whole state.
Labor in the Soviet Union
A working man in the Soviet Union was a real fetish. Television and radio were used as a tool for mass propaganda. In the daily program "Time" news about the stages of shock constructions, broadcast as military reports.
The state constantly needed inexpensive labor to build industrial facilities. The project "Social Worker Drummer" was launched. The names of miners, harvesters, weavers and other representatives of working professions, breaking performance records, did not go off the front pages of newspapers. Books were written about them, films were made. Social winners. competitions were awarded with certificates and medals.
It is amazing how around one phrase managed to build such a successful ideological tool.
Attitude to idleness
In the Soviet Union, in everyday life, you could often hear the word "parasitic" - a man who did not work anywhere, without good reason. Systematic parasitism was persecuted by the authorities. A person who is a lodden could be subject to administrative punishment and even a criminal case has been opened.
With the easy hand of the ruling government, special groups of civilians were created in the Soviet Union, which were called "people's militias." Citizens belonging to these so-called "friends" were given certain powers. Friends often received tasks to identify cooling during working hours in cinemas, squares, cafeterias of parasites, and to pass data about them to the appropriate authorities, to bring to justice.
This attitude towards parasitic citizens on the part of the state speaks about the creation and maintenance of a whole cult of labor in the USSR. Over time, the stereotype of "striking a citizen working for the benefit of the motherland" so deeply penetrated into the psyche of the population that the lack of work began to be perceived as something shameful, and the unemployed person seemed flawed.
The intensity of the propaganda went off the scale. Drummers of Komsomol buildings and winners of various social networks. Competitors smiled happily at people with posters in the streets and TV screens in the apartments. The perception of work in a society built in accordance with socialist ideals ennobled and elevated man in the eyes of the people around him and his own, but was it really so?
On work from different points of view
Many facts say that labor records had the opposite side: equalization, undermined, exorbitant loads, health, unnecessarily low cost of labor. Maxim Gorky has a wonderful statement on this. He says that life feels happy and good only when labor is in pleasure. As soon as it becomes a necessity, a person automatically turns into a slave.
Is it that slave labor ennobles a man?
The work that is carried out through effort and reluctance is something unnatural to the very human nature. Hence depression, cardiovascular diseases, other health problems provoked by unloved work.
Work as a tool for development
It's hard to call your favorite thing hard.
Belinsky's phrase that work ennobles people will only make sense when the system allows people to search and find themselves. Doing an interesting thing, plunging into it with his head, a person will always strive to learn more, to acquire new skills.
In this state, intelligence naturally develops. Man grows. It turns out that work encourages the thinking individual to develop himself.
Whether Belinsky took this into account, voicing his phrase, is unknown, but I would like to believe that by the word "labor" he meant an interesting and favorite occupation, from which a person receives not only pleasure, but also material goods.
Work or occupation to your liking?
How to be and what to do - eternal questions that do not allow people to sleep at night. If we talk about work, then in the light of the above, it becomes obvious - you should do only what you like. A person who has found himself in the profession, every morning will wake up with pleasure, and hurry to start to the fascinating work. In the process, naturally it will evolve.
The problem of parasitism and bad habits, such as drunkenness and drug addiction, will not even arise, and the reward for the passionate work will be good health and material wealth. A person who is in harmony with himself is the most effective in any sphere.
The main task of the state and the family is to provide children with the choice of profession to their liking. This is the meaning of life - to create a state of happy people who will freely work to know the world, transform it and transform themselves.